Rat Pest Control | Rat Removal
Essex and Suffolk Pest Solutions offer a full range of rat pest control services to domestic and commercial clients in Suffolk and Essex including the extermination of rats and mice. Our fast and effective rodent extermination service will eradicate rats from your home or business with a minimum of disruption. If required, emergency same-day appointments can be provided.
Our pest control operatives are trained to at least BPCA RSPH Level 2 and are CRB checked. We arrive in unmarked vehicles. All services we provide are discreet and confidential.
The most common rat in the UK and the one we are called out to deal with most regularly is the Brown Rat (Rattus norvegicus). This rat, in common with most rats, including the Black Rat (Rattus rattus), is a carrier of multiple diseases including Weils Disease, E Coli and Salmonella. Besides the obvious health implications, rats are a nuisance in buildings, causing extensive damage as they chew through woodwork and even electric wiring, leading to potential fire hazards. They survive in sewers, buildings, streets and alleyways and will live almost anywhere humans do. Rats eat almost anything, including meat, fruit and vegetables, and can root through litter bins to get food or hunt for scraps left on kitchen floors.
As the saying goes ‘ you are never too far away from a rat’ and indeed there is a rise in the number of rats living in the UK, which is why it is so vital to have an effective rat control service for Suffolk and Essex. It is hard to put an exact figure on the number of rats in the UK, but it is thought the rat population stands at around 80 million – a figure greater than the human population. This is not only attributed to their eating and living habits but also as a result of our mild climate, which means improved survival rates during the winter months. In addition, rats can produce up to five litters a year. As the rat population is so high in the UK, there is a significant need for rat pest control in Suffolk and Essex.
The Brown Rat (Rattus norvegicus), also known as the Common Rat, Sewer Rat, Hanover Rat, Norway Rat, Brown Norway Rat, Norwegian Rat and the Wharf Rat, is one of the best known and most common rats. It is generally accepted that the Common Rat came originally from northern China, but it has now spread to all parts of the globe except Antarctica, making it the second most successful mammal in the world after Human beings.
Rats are The Perfect Predator
Brown rats are expert jumpers, climbers and swimmers. This means they are at home in all habitats, including dark, damp sewers and rubbish dumps, except the highest of mountain ranges. They also breed extremely rapidly.
They can eat almost anything that humans can, which means they are more than happy to feed off leftovers in the bin. Once they become established, the numbers of other rodents, marine and land bird species tend to fall. This was discovered by Swiss researchers, who told the journal Conservation Biology that brown rats were among the most invasive mammals in Europe, and they had the biggest ecological and economic impact.
Rising Population of Rats
The secret of the brown rat’s success lies in its opportunistic way of life and extraordinary ability to reproduce, with one pair multiplying to 200 in just one year. There are now believed to be more than 15 million brown rats across the UK.
There is also evidence to suggest that the warm summers, like the one we have just enjoyed, increased the rat population. Call-outs to deal with this type of rodent problem stayed steady over the summer months, which is unusual, as typically rats spend the summer outdoors. The British Pest Control Association think rodents have not needed to move far because the hot weather led to a plentiful supply of fruit.
Rats are Health Hazards
Brown rats can cause a great deal of physical damage to homes and businesses, including farms, warehouses and companies operating in port areas. They chew through woodwork and electrical wiring and even puncture gas pipes, which leads to an increased risk of fire, which is why rat pest control is of utmost importance.
These rats can also act as the carrier for many different types of disease, including Weil’s disease, E.coli and salmonella. Weil’s disease is spread through contact with rat’s urine – for example by swimming in an infected river, canal or lake. Rats also carry the bacteria which can lead to E.coli and salmonella, which is passed on to humans through infected food or water. As with Weil’s disease, it results in a fever, shivering, headaches, nausea and loss of appetite and should be treated promptly with antibiotics.
The life cycle of rats
Brown Rats can breed all year round and a female can produce 5 litters a year if conditions are right. This high rate of reproduction is facilitated by a very short gestation period of just 21 days. With litters of about 8 at a time, it is easy to see that rat numbers can swell very quickly.
Rats have a maximum life span of 3 years, although most of them won’t make it past one year due to the number of predators and the amount of fighting that goes on.
Brown Rats live in large hierarchical groups, either in burrows or subsurface places such as sewers and cellars. When food is in short supply the rats lower in the social order are the first to die.
The treatment of rats
A comprehensive survey is carried out to establish the extent of the rat infestation and to determine its source or the location of the lair. We will then treat the problem using anti-coagulant baits, although physical methods of trapping and removing can be used in certain circumstances.
Depending upon the scale of the infestation, it is recommended that we make at least three visits to the property to ensure that the infestation has been eliminated. This is necessary because if a large number of rats within any one single population is exterminated, the remaining rats will increase their reproductive rate to restore the old population.
When treating rat infestations, we endeavour to use the most environmentally friendly products. We will also give advice on how to prevent the problem returning including the rat-proofing of buildings and the removal of any possible harbourages such as vegetation.
If you need rat control, Essex & Suffolk Pest Solutions – in most cases – treat the rats with anti-coagulant baits, although, just like with our domestic service, we can also trap and remove them. To ensure the rat infestation has been completely wiped out, we would make at least three repeat visits to the business. This is because, once a large number of rats have been eliminated, any remaining rats will breed rapidly to counteract this.
Once we have dealt with the pests, we will advise you how to prevent another outbreak, including rat-proofing buildings, and we will also advise on food storage and rubbish removal.
Domestic Rat Pest Control
Rats are a health threat, as they can pass the disease on to humans, which is why there is a need for domestic and commercial rat control in Essex and Suffolk.
If you require domestic rat control in Suffolk and Essex contact us immediately on 01473 328092. We use the most environmentally friendly products for rat control in Essex and Suffolk. In addition to our treatment services, we also provide advice on how to prevent a repeat problem. Our service is very competitive and we can guarantee our work.
Commercial Rat Pest Control
In addition to our domestic rat control, Essex & Suffolk Pest Solutions provide a prompt and effectual commercial rat control service. We offer a complete pest and rat control service for Suffolk and Essex businesses which includes specially made contracts tailored to suit your business. This involves continuous monitoring and prevention and includes on-site reports, risk assessments and surveys with recommendations to prevent any future infestations.
Why are Rats a Pest for Commercial Organisations?
Rats are a pest because they can carry a number of bacterium and micro-organisms that can cause disease. As much as 50 per cent of some populations of brown rats have been found to be carriers of the bacteria Coxiella burnetii, which causes Q fever. This can cause flu-like symptoms such as headaches, fever, nausea and diarrhoea and can result in life-threatening acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Rats, including the black rat, can also carry Weils Disease, viral hemorrhagic fever, Salmonella and E-Coli.
A variety of businesses are at risk from a rat outbreak including refuse centres, farms, supermarkets, warehouses, factories, hotels, pubs, restaurants and food outlets. If a rat is found in a food-related business it needs to be dealt with immediately for health and safety reasons.
A rat outbreak can cause a real threat to your business, including loss of reputation and possible closure, which is why you need help from the rat control experts at Essex and Suffolk Pest Solutions.
How Essex and Suffolk Pest Solutions Can Help
Essex and Suffolk Pest Solutions offer a variety of pest control and elimination services including rat control – Suffolk and Essex – for homes, businesses, restaurants, food outlets, warehouses and agricultural organisations. Our pest control services are very discreet and we use unmarked vehicles if required for rat control, Essex and Suffolk. We provide a very swift and efficient service with same day emergency call outs if necessary.
We also offer a complete pest and rat control service for Suffolk and Essex businesses which includes specially made contracts tailored to suit your business. This involves continuous monitoring and prevention and includes on-site reports, risk assessments and surveys with recommendations to prevent any future infestations.
Contact us now for friendly, effective assistance and for more information on our rat control and rat removal services.
What attracts rats to your house or business?
Rats invade properties when there is a readily available food source, so kitchen waste is a major contributor. Restaurants and food industries, particularly those situated in older buildings, are a prime target for rats, although the problem can affect homes and businesses across the board.
“Rats need daily water, food and harbourage,” said Mr Collinson. “They often get through the bottom of bins, through the bunghole that lets wastewater out. They use bin waste, sometimes for months, until the infestation is noticed”.
Rats live almost anywhere: on river banks, under buildings, and can burrow through drain faults in the sewerage system. From there, they can get into a property from underground and live in the fabric of a building, in walls, under flooring and behind built-in units. They are even known to make their way through from one end of a terrace block to another.
Their gestation period is 21 days and a rat can get pregnant while suckling their young; as they can breed seven to eight young at any one time, as you can imagine, the problem can escalate very quickly.
One of the ways to stop this is to be more careful about rubbish disposal and ensure that bags of rubbish are not left out on the street, and bins are shut securely.
Are Rats Dangerous?
Here are some of the risks that rats pose to humans:
- Fire Risk – Rats will munch their way through almost anything, including through walls, beams and – worse still – wiring, which poses a fire risk.
- Hygiene Risk – Rats carry disease, and some of this illness can prove fatal to humans:
- E. Coli – This is a bacteria that can contaminate food like meat and vegetables. It causes symptoms like stomach cramps, sickness and diarrhoea, and in more serious cases it can damage the kidneys.
- Salmonella – This bacterium can be found in uncooked meat and poultry and it can also be passed through the droppings of infected rats. Symptoms include chills, fever, nausea, diarrhoea, headaches and stomach cramps. It can sometimes take months to recover and in rare cases, it can be deadly.
- Hantavirus – This is spread from the dust of dried urine from rats and other animals, as well as through saliva and faeces in infected animals. It is often difficult to diagnose as the symptoms are very similar to flu, and include fever and muscle aches. Some strains of the disease can prove fatal.
- Weil's Disease – This is a bacterial infection from rat urine, and the urine from other animals, and is most commonly spread via infected water. The disease has two stages and symptoms in the second stage can be similar to meningitis; in extreme cases, it can cause organ failure.
What do you do if you have a rat problem?
It’s difficult to tackle a rat problem yourself as they breed so quickly. At Essex and Suffolk Pest Solutions, we provide free surveys of residential or business premises and offer service contracts which include constant monitoring of sites at regular service visits. Our pest control technicians carry out a full inspection at each visit looking for signs of problems. We offer free surveys of residential or business premises.
Our pest control technicians will advise on housekeeping, proofing and repairs to buildings. This is especially important before the cold weather sets in and colonies of rats are drawn to the building. Our ultimate aim is to eliminate the colony using baits and traps.
We endeavour to get to the root of the problem, including providing drain surveys in which a camera probe is used to find faults or openings in the drain where the rats are coming through.
Where did rats come from?
The brown rat is believed to have originated in Asia, in what is now northern China and Mongolia. It rapidly colonised Europe in the early 18th century, and it is thought to have been spread by maritime trade. The rodent set up home on board ships, and then made its way ashore once the vessel had docked. Its scientific name is rattus norvegicus, or Norway rat, even though it has nothing to do with the country. It is also known as the common, Hanover, sewer or wharf rat.
How to stop rats and rat prevention?
As a home or business owner, you have a legal obligation, under the Prevention of Damage by Pests Act, to keep your property free of brown rats. There are a few simple rat pest control steps you can take to minimise the risk of a rat infestation.
- Seal gaps around pipes and under sheds, as they only need a gap of 15mm to gain entry
- Remove any potential nesting sites by keeping backyards and gardens clean and tidy, cut back any overgrown areas and clear away any piles of wood/debris
- Ensure that drain inspection covers are in good condition
- Make sure any household waste is well covered up – this includes compost heaps as well as dustbins.